Smart home technology started life as a way to upgrade the running of your household, with the Internet of Things telling one device how to operate another—no human contact required. But in an age when technology can reduce the need to touch surfaces, and therefore the risk of infection, contactless living has become de rigueur rather than merely desirable. Now, a smart house is also a healthier one, evolving to keep you safe and well within your own four walls.

“Appliances already exist that could save their owners a trip to hospital,” says futurist David Shrier, lecturer in technology and innovation at MIT’s Media Lab and Associate Fellow at the Saïd Business School at the University of Oxford. He sees intelligent devices as potential life-savers.

According to Shrier, the home of the future will not only be equipped with touch-free capabilities such as voice-activated entry, heating, and lighting systems, remotely operated cooking appliances, contactless faucets, and closets that sterilize the clothes within—but also the next generation of innovative health technology. This will include UV disinfection lights, which sanitize surfaces within seconds, sensors that can identify if any occupants are running a fever, and a range of diagnostic tech that once used to be the preserve of hospital tests.

A smart screen on the wall of a smart house
Current smart home technology offers health-saving, touch-free options, such as devices that can be operated remotely. Future offerings will take the health focus further by relaying data to healthcare providers. Image: Alamy

“The move is towards home technology that can collect medical data and share it with your doctors,” he explains. He’s referring to temperature-taking sensors, as well as toilets that can analyze their contents, facilitating potentially life-saving early interventions, and bedroom mirrors that can judge respiration and blood flow by analyzing your face color and other visible alarm signals. “We’re talking about symptoms you used to have to go to the doctor to be tested for.”

As we spend more time at home than ever before, we’ll see increasing interest in sensors and sterilization devices—David Shrier

While intelligent mirrors are a year or two away from launch, smart toilets already exist—“they are in use in Kaiser Permanente hospitals across California”, says Shrier. Versions that can immediately kill harmful pathogens have also been backed for mass rollout by big-name investors such as Bill Gates.

Bill Gates speaks at the toilet reinvented expo in Beijing, China
In 2018—along with global innovators, development banks, and corporate partners—the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation hosted the first Reinvented Toilet Expo, which showcased smart toilet technologies. Image: Gates Archive

Another futuristic technology that has already arrived is the patented Lema Air Cleaning System from Italy, which sanitizes clothing and footwear. The system has been installed in closets for clients by pioneering interior design firm Elicyon, whose founder Charu Gandhi says: “It minimizes the threat of viruses, while also cleansing garments of odors, bacteria, and air pollution.”

Helen Westlake, creative director of U.K.-based design studio, Millier, has embraced health-focused technology too. She’s a particular fan of Gaggenau’s handle-free refrigerators. “There’s an increased demand for hands-free automation,” she says. “That means fewer door pulls and inherently anti-bacterial surfaces like stainless steel and copper.”

Stainless steel counters in a kitchen designed by Millier interiors
This design by Millier interiors showcases both the practical, and stylish, attributes of stainless-steel countertops, which have traditionally been used in commercial kitchens due to their microbe-inhibiting properties.

Jonathan Cropper, a luxury marketing expert who has worked for brands such as Aston Martin, has taken it one step further: not only applying technology to certain rooms of a home, but to entire houses. Along with leading telemedical concierge service WorldClinic, and award-winning Zaha Hadid Architects, his company, Futurlogic, has created 20 new future-proofed homes. Such smart houses will offer inhabitants state-of-the-art air and water filtration systems and antibacterial light disinfection, as well as emergency life support available in any location—no matter how remote.

The move is towards home technology that can collect medical data and share it with your doctors—David Shrier

“These 1,700-square-foot (158 sq m) homes are designed to be mobile—to be dropped wherever their owners might want to retreat for months at a time,” Cropper explains. “And, if you need medical assistance, WorldClinic will come and get you.”

An anti-bacterial air filtration system concealed within the ceiling of a dining room
Air-filtration systems, such as this one concealed in the ceiling of a dining room by Elicyon designs, can minimize the threat of viruses, while also ridding the air of pollution, and are set to become standard in a “future-proofed” home.

Ian Silverstein, a home technology adviser based in the United Kingdom, is following a similar path with the new home he plans to build. While he installed £75,000 ($96,900) worth of smart technology into his existing home several years ago, he plans to incorporate health-focused capabilities, such as temperature-taking thermal sensors, right from the planning stages of this build.

In the meantime, he has bought the portable, inexpensive personal home sanitizer unit he says should be in every home. “I drop my phone and keys into it as soon as I walk in, and it uses UV light to remove 99.9 percent of all microbes.” He also notes that the unit has the added benefit of bringing sounder sleep to those who leave their phones in them overnight, keeping disruptive blue light at bay. However, he’s less keen on bringing home tech into the bathroom: “I see it as such a private space.”

A Zen Zoe UV light robot
While smaller UV-disinfecting devices are available for everyday items, the ZenZoe robot can autonomously treat an entire room within 15 minutes using UV light that kills 99.9 percent of bacteria. Image: ASTI Mobile Robotics

Which begs the question: going contactless in the home and adding disinfecting technologies seems like a no-brainer, but do we really want toilets and mirrors with analytic capabilities that they can share with our physicians?

Shrier believes a pandemic, which might be followed by others in the future, has made a digital doctor in the house an attractive, rather than intrusive, proposition: “As we spend more time at home than ever before, we’ll see increasing interest in sensors and sterilization devices.

“We’ll also see the introduction of intelligent tools that are aware of our medical profiles and needs, and are able to monitor our health continually. And, as with all innovations, we will see them first at the luxury end of the market.”

On the Market

The grand living room of a Paris apartment
Occupying the entire first floor of its building, this apartment includes a grand corner living room, smart home technology, and luxury amenities to ensure a truly regal lifestyle for its owner.

This sophisticated grand duplex apartment, available through Belles demeures de France, comes complete with smart home technology and is located on the prestigious Champ-de-Mars, directly facing the Eiffel Tower. It offers an impressive library, an elegant large formal dining room, along with four bedrooms, a home theater, massage room, hammam, sauna, and large well-equipped gym.

A home in Prague
Seven bedrooms, a grand open-plan living room, home gym, movie theater, and office with a roof terrace are arranged over the five stories of this impeccably designed smart home.

Situated in Prague’s upscale Hanspaulka—home to gorgeous villas and lush green gardens—this designer residence has a host of amenities including chilled ceilings, walkable skylights, smart wiring, and a smart home security system. It is set on a generous 33,863-square-foot (3146 sq m) plot, complete with preserved trees that are nearly a century old, and is on the market with Svoboda & Williams.

Banner image: Getty Images

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